The U.S. Constitution and the Great Law of Peace

u.s. constitution“The history of the U.S. Constitution we weren’t taught in school”, first published here in 2012, has turned out to be one of my most popular posts. I thought a repeat this holiday week would be appropriate.

Only the title of the post has changed:

If you’re like me, I learned in grade school that the U.S. Constitution was based on ancient Greek democracy. Which was a creative stretch of the truth, since ancient Greece was not a democracy.

My research as to what children are taught today about the origin of our government is also disappointing, although there are some states that have updated the teachings to include Native American influence.

Apparently the Founding Fathers simply created it out of thin air, or were influenced by European governments even though there was no democracy anywhere in Europe at that time.

The True History of the U.S. Constitution

The truth is that the U.S. Constitution is modeled in both principle and form on the Great Law of Peace of the Native American tribe known as the Iroquois.

This is absolutely, unequivocally historical fact. While there may have been other influences, when compared side by side, the influence of the Great Law of Peace is irrefutable.

In 1987, the United States Senate acknowledged that the Great Law of Peace of the Iroquois Nations served as a model for the Constitution of the United States. (U.S. S. Con. Res. 76, 2 Dec. 1987).

And since the U.S. Constitution was a model for the charter of the United Nations, the Iroquois Great Law of Peace is also a basis of international law.

When the Founding Fathers looked for examples of effective government and human liberty upon which to model a Constitution to unite the thirteen colonies, they found it in the government of the Iroquois Nation.

In the 18th Century, the Iroquois League was the oldest, most highly evolved participatory democracy on Earth.

I find it sad that the true story is still not taught in all our schools [although some do]. But here it is:

The Peacemaker and the Great Law of Peace

U.S. Constitution

The Peacemaker

In the 12th Century, five tribes in what is now the northeastern U.S. were constantly at war: the Mohawks, Seneca, Oneida, Onondaga and Cayugas. The wars were vicious and, according to tribal history, included cannibalism.

One day, a canoe made of white stone carried a man, born of a virgin, across Onondaga Lake to announce The Good News of Peace had come and the killing and violence would end.

He traveled from tribe to tribe over the course of years, preaching peace because peace was the desire of the Creator. Oral tribal history says it may have taken him 40 years to reach everyone and get agreement from all five tribes.

This man became known as The Peacemaker.

Eventually, the five tribes agreed to the Great Law of Peace and became known collectively as the Haudenosaunee, which means People of the Long House. Outsiders refer to them as Iroquois.

[In 1722, the Tuscarora joined the Confederacy so today it’s known as the Six Tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy].

The Great Law of Peace was a vehicle for creating harmony, unity and respect among human beings.

Its recognition of individual liberty and justice surpasses that of many democracies.

The Great Law of Peace includes:

    • freedom of speech,
    • freedom of religion,
    • the right of women to participate in government,
    • separation of powers,
    • checks and balances within government.
    • a government “of the people, by the people and for the people,”
    • three branches of government: two houses and a grand counsel,
    • A Women’s Council, which is the Iroquois equivalent of our Supreme Court –settling disputes and judging legal violations.

The central idea underlying Iroquois political philosophy is that peace is the will of the Creator, and the ultimate spiritual goal and natural order among humans.

The Founding Fathers’ consultation with the Iroquois

Great Law of PeaceFor decades, the Iroquois had urged the English colonists to unite together as one independent and free people.

George Washington, Ben Franklin and Thomas Jefferson met frequently with the Iroquois and made themselves very familiar with the Great Law of Peace.

Washington expressed “great excitement” over the two houses and Grand Counsel.

Several delegates from the Iroquois Confederacy attended the Continental Congress in 1776 as it wrote the Declaration of Independence and drafted the Constitution of the United States, modeling it on the Iroquois Constitution.

Three weeks later, the Declaration of Independence was signed, and the United States of America was born.

What got left out of the U.S. Constitution

In fact, just about the only parts of the Great Law of Peace that our founding fathers didn’t incorporate were these:

  • The Seventh Generation principle: The Constitution of the Iroquois Confederacy states that chiefs consider the impact of their decisions on seven generations into the future.
  • The role of women: Clan mothers choose candidates [who are male] as sachems [political leaders]. The women maintain ownership of land and homes, and exercise veto power over any council action that may result in war. The women can also impeach and expel any leader who conducts himself improperly or loses the confidence of the electorate; then the women choose a new leader.

Imagine how different our world would be today if our government had included these principles from the start

The symbols

The Peacemaker designated The Tree of Peace as a symbol of the Great Law of Peace — a great white pine tree whose branches spread out to shelter all nations who commit themselves to Peace.

  • Beneath the tree the Five Nations buried their weapons of war.
  • Atop the tree is the Eagle-that-sees-far.
  • There is a bundle of five arrows tied together to represent strength of five tribes bound together in peace.
  • Four long roots stretch out in the four sacred directions—the “white roots of peace.”

Thomas Jefferson adopted the symbols of the Peacemaker legend.

  • U.S. ConstitutionThe Tree of Peace became the Liberty Tree displayed on colonial flags.
  • Eagle-that-sees-far became the American Eagle, still a symbol of American government.
  • On the U.S. Great Seal, the American Eagle clutches a bundle of thirteen arrows, representing the original colonies.
  • Our eagle also holds an olive branch symbolizing that the United States of America has “a strong desire for peace, but will always be ready for war.”

Separate leaders for war and peace

There’s no separation of church and state in Iroquois society; spirituality lies at the root of government and law.

However, the Iroquois Confederacy, as with most tribes, had separate leaders for war and peace. As a lawmaker, the sachem could never go to war in his official capacity as sachem. If disposed to take the warpath, he laid aside his civil office for the time being, and became a common warrior.

The colonists followed this model, too. The inability to separate the civil government and military has doomed many imitators of American democracy, particularly in Africa and Latin America.

The three principles of the Great Law of Peace

1) Righteousness, meaning people must treat each other fairly. “Each individual must have a strong sense of justice, must treat people as equals and must enjoy equal protection under the Great Law.”

2) Health: “Health means that the soundness of mind, body and spirit will create a strong individual. Health is also the peacefulness that results when a strong mind uses its rational power to promote well-being between peoples, between nations.”

3) Power: “The laws of the Great Law provide authority, tradition and stability if properly respected in thought and action. Power comes from the united actions of the people operating under one law, with one mind, one heart, and one body. Such power can assure that justice and healthfulness continue. People and nations need to exercise just enough power to maintain the peace and well-being of the members of the Confederacy.”

It’s the omission of these three principles, the seven generations rule and the role of women that cause Native Americans today to say that, the United States Government copied the Great Law of Peace but didn’t really understand it.

So our forefathers copied the Great Law of a people whose land we stole and against whom our government committed genocide, and then kept it a secret for two hundred years.

It just makes me want to cry.

Please teach your children the truth of the history of our great country.

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Molly Larkin is the co-author of the international best-seller “The Wind Is My Mother; The Life and Teachings of a Native American Shaman.” She is passionate about helping people live life to their fullest potential through her classes and blog at

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  1. Lin

    And now, we know where it all went wrong. Darn, needed that women part!!!

    • Molly Larkin

      Yes, indeed!

  2. Bill

    And we could also use a thorough teaching as to how our judicial system is based in british common law that has enabled our supreme court to view corporations as People.

    Nice post Molly.

    • Molly Larkin

      🙂 Good point. Thank you, Bill.

  3. Vannessa

    What impact did the Law of Peace have on the United States Constitution?

    • Molly Larkin

      As stated in my article: The Great Law of Peace includes:

      freedom of speech,
      freedom of religion,
      the right of women to participate in government,
      separation of powers,
      checks and balances within government.
      a government “of the people, by the people and for the people,”
      three branches of government: two houses and a grand counsel,
      a Women’s Council, which is the Iroquois equivalent of our Supreme Court –settling disputes and judging legal violations.

      With the exception of the right of women to participate in government, these are the hallmarks of the U.S. Constitution

  4. Rusty, Starlin

    I wish this was still taught, in Schools,,

    • Molly Larkin

      There are a few schools that do teach it. Hopefully one day they all will. Thank you for your comment.

  5. Petry, Jim

    You have most definitely done your homework. The truth always surfaces. I was wondering if you could point me in the right direction, to learn about the Peace maker, from my under standing no one knew his name.

    Jim, thank you

    • Molly Larkin

      Thank you. It’s my understanding that it wasn’t so much no one knowing his name as his being held in such high regard that they didn’t want to speak his name. It was decided to call him by the honorary title Peacemaker. And that’s the way the teachings were passed down. I would recommend googling the terms peacemaker and the Great Law of Peace. You will have to be discerning about the results: anything from the Iroquois Nation [or Confederacy] would be authentic. Good luck!

  6. Jan

    Supreme court makes a whole bunch of mistakes with their Opinions! Separation of powers allows for these Opinions to be rejected in practice if they are unconstitutional. Also, corporations having rights as humans? How about Incorporating laws were unconstitutional to begin with!
    People who own a business have the right to voice an opinion and support a candidate, but maybe politicians should be required to disclose to their constituents who is donating money to them beyond a person voicing support, before a run for office! Any banks who get bail-outs, and who directly benefit from federal reserve QE money, (while wages for free market Americans are stagnant since 2001), the politicians paid money by those banks, should be scrutinized and rejected by voters!

    • Molly Larkin

      You make some good points here.

  7. Bob Schladebeck

    Excellent article Molly, and like you I hope we’ll see this knowledge become more widely taught. I’ve experienced a few people who, when told things such as you say in the article or even from later times (i.e. during the World Wars), things that show we also had our “atrocities” of one kind or another committed during the insanity of war, would almost want to fight rather than accept the truth that people are people and we’re ALL capable of being lost to the fact that humans are humans, no matter their race, creed, religion, etc. We have a great country but we also have room for improvement – IF we could just get the proper leadership. The potential for improvement isn’t a bad thing – on the contrary, it merely shows we still have POTENTIAL for further growth. When that potential is gone, you may as well be dead.

    • Molly Larkin

      Thank you, Bob. I agree

  8. Fran

    Educated in a small country school in central NY in the 1960’s, we were taught that the Constitution of the U.S. was patterned after the Iroquois Great Law of Peace. When I moved out of the area many years later, I was shocked to learn that so many people had never heard this before, and thus question the validity of this amazing portion of our history.

    • Molly Larkin

      Don’t question it! It’s absolutely true. Question why our government has chosen to hide it!

  9. Josh

    Hello, Molly! I just read the work here and I was wondering how this relates to John Locke’s Natural Law, the English Bill of Rights, and the Magna Carta. I know that the Native Americans were very sophisticated — well, moreso than most believe — and that they did indeed have a sort of confederacy worked out, which can be attributed to this Great Law of Peace. I don’t want to sound like I’m hating on you or your research, but I feel no research is good without answering a few counter-claims. So, my counter-claim is: why does the Great Law of Peace take all the cake instead of the European documents listed above?

    • Molly Larkin

      Thank you for your question, Josh, which I’m not going to answer in the detail you request. My point was that very few people knew about the Great Law of Peace and it’s about time they did. The documents you cite may well have played a role also, but the freedoms and rights in the Great Law of Peace, along with three branches of government, a system of checks and balances, and a government “of the people, by the people, and for the people” is all I need to read to feel that the Great Law of Peace takes the cake. Best, Molly

  10. sadie Hindman

    So what year was The Great Law of Peace established?

    • Molly Larkin

      I can’t give you a specific year [I doubt anyone can], but it dates to the 12th Century.

  11. Jasmine Antone

    I’m Native American in a public school and I think that this should be taught especially in schools on the Native American reservations. It should be taught in all schools, not just Native American schools, but they need to know their history about the constitution. It makes me feel proud to know that most of the constitution actually came from Native Americans.

    • Molly Larkin

      I’m glad. Yes, you should indeed be proud.

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